Table 1.1 Applications of the Recommended Hydrologic Methods Method Technical Manual Section Rational Method SCS Method Modified Rational Snyder’s Unit Hydrograph USGS / A drainage basin system is one part of the hydrological cycle. Therefore, analysis of the drainage basin helps to understand the landform evolution through successive stages of geological time, fluvial process, lithologic character and hydrological behaviour of a basin as well as tectonic activity of a region. catchment or watershed) is a finite area whose runoff is channeled through a single outlet. Morphometric analysis in a drainage basin is important for hydrological investigation and development and management of drainage basin (Rekha et al. Determine if detention is needed 4. 6.2.6 Evaluation of Runoff Factors . In its simplest form, a drainage basin is an area that funnels all runoff to the mouth of a stream. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The Daluaghat basin has a dendritic to parallel drainage pattern. The definition of a small drainage basin as it <> Complete rainfall-runoff simulation models date back at least to the 1920's. The various above morphometric parameters such as linear, areal and relief aspect were used for this present studies: • The time of concentration (tc) is the time required for water to travel from the hydraulically most remote point of structure that is either undersized and causes more drainage problems or, is oversized and costs more than necessary. Digitization of the drainage basin was carried out for morphometric analysis in GIS environment using Arc GIS-10 software. However, the present burst of activity in hydrologic simulation is a direct result of widespread availability of the computer. Significance of the fine drainage pattern for submarine canyon evolution: The Foix Canyon System, Northwestern Mediterranean Sea, Large alluvial fans in the north-central Po Plain (Northern Italy, Comparative geomorphic analysis of surficial deposits at three central Appalachian watersheds: Implications for controls on sediment-transport efficiency, Fan deltas classification coupling morphometric analysis and artificial neural networks: The case of NW coast of Gulf of Corinth, Greece, Sediment storage and transport in Pancho Rico Valley during and after the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, Coast Ranges of central California (Monterey County). Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. 3 0 obj The shape of a flood hydrograph is influenced by a range of physical and human factors. 2 0 obj %PDF-1.5 Morphometric parameters and climatic 1 Basin Analysis Basin Analysis Introduction Mechanisms of Basin Formation Basin Classification Basins and Sequence Stratigraphy Summary Introduction Basin analysis - Study of sedimentary rocks to determine: Subsidence history Stratigraphic architecture Paleogeographic evolution Tools: Geology (outcrops, wireline logs, core) Geophysics (seismic, gravity, aeromag) <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.44 841.68] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Determine pre-and post-developed basin characteristics 2. The results of Morphometric analysis revealed that the total number of stream is 44 with total length of drainage is 30.2 km. Drainage basins, catchments and sub-catchments are the fundamental units for the management of land and water resources (Moore et al. Morphometric analysis of a basin provides information about different aspect and characterizes the drainage system of basin in these aspects (Strahler A. N., 1964). Several authors have studied morphometric proper-ties of drainage basins as indicators of structural in uence on drainage development and neotectonic activity [ ]. It is an open system as it has inputs and outputs. Determine basin … Figures 6 and 7 show the 10-year and 100-year peak discharges into the detention pond from the 104-acre drainage basin to be 131 cfs and 250 cfs, respectively. Remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques are increasingly being used for morphometric analysis of drainage basins throughout the world [9–13]. Fluvial morphometric study includes the consideration of linear, areal and relief aspects of the fluvially originated drainage basin. %���� metric analysis of drainage basins throughout the world [ ]. determined and computed. <> The parameters considered for analysis are stream length, bifurcation ratio, drainage density, stream frequency, Drainage texture, form factor circularity ratio, elongation ratio, compactness ratio etc. The relationship between the amount of precipitation into a drainage basin and the amount of runoff from the basin is complex, and too little data are The results revealed that the used of remotely sensed data and ArcGIS 10.0 software provide an effective approach to develop accurate morphometric analysis of drainage basin … �*Y'�3�����j)�5~zy���S�W�%:�$��X/�Eu V������_�^����*�_. Tectonophysics, 194 (1991) 237-263 Eisevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam 237 Principles of drainage basin analysis from multisource data: Application to the structural analysis of the Zaire Basin B. Deffontaines and J. Chorowicz Laboratoire de Gtectonique, UniversitPierre et Marie Curie, U.P. By doing so a number applications of HATWAB can be sought that include mainly: 1) Assessment of water availability and distribution in a drainage basin; and 2) The attributes were allocated to generate the digital data base for drainage layer of the river basin. [2–8] from topographic maps using manual methods. of drainage basins to basin-runoff characteristics have been described by Langbein (1947, p. 128-129). The topographic parameters considered important in these studies were: area, channel slope, stream pattern, average basin width, mean length of travel (channel length), and … between basins, model predictions vs. observations) zTopology versus topography – Topological variables represent network structure – Implies that two basins may look utterly different but be Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. Drainage-Basin Characteristics 3 Drainage-Basin Characteristics Topographic and meteorologic characteristics of a drain-age basin affect streamflow from the basin. and a vague and possibly unreliable analysis is obtained. Compute pre-and post-developed peak discharges 3. Apart from this, a small basin is com- monly much less complicated than a large basin with respect to geology and topography; there- 1 fore, it lends itself much better to both practi- , cal and theoretical studies. For the streams investigated, excellent correlations were found to exist between drainage area and the 2.3-year flood, as well as between length of stream from the basin divide and drainage … The characteristics that were used in this study to evaluate the drainage-area ratio method were drainage … It follows, the drainage basin is formed by a network of channels (streams) which form the valleys (longitudinal depressions Statistical analysis aids in reducing this complexity in drainage basin research [26] [27], using a wide variety of pattern recognition operations, such as factor analysis, principal component analysis, cluster analysis, and dis-criminant analysis [28]. Drainage basins of the principal oceans and seas of the world. endobj An individual drainage basin (a.k.a. _In the present study, morphometric analysis of the Galagu valley basin was done to produce information on the morphometry of the Galagu valley basin and to assess its hydrological characteristics and flood potentials. Morphometric parameters of these twelve catchments were results of all hydrologic analysis. Title: No Slide Title Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. morphometric analysis of drainage basin. A flood hydrograph shows how a river’s discharge changes in response to a rainfall event. The mean bifurcation ratio is 1.53 and dendritic drainage pattern with ranging from coarse to fine texture is identified. A systematic classification of large rivers based on their hydrosedmentary components i To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Determine the basins of the 10% analysis point and all intermediate locations of concern 6. 06/2001 DE-7 . It is the 5th order drainage basin. The drainage basin analysis is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater management. P. Arulbalaji, D. Padmalal, Sub-watershed Prioritization Based on Drainage Morphometric Analysis: A Case Study of Cauvery River Basin in South India, Journal of the Geological Society of India, 10.1007/s12594-020-1383-6, 95, 1, (25-35), (2020). Quantitative techniques have been applied to study the morphometricpropertiesofdi erentdrainagebasinsinIndia [ ]. The drainage basin (watershed) is the fundamental earth surface expression that collects and distributes water and sediment. Watershed Analysis RATIONALMETHOD Assumptions and Limitations: • Watershed area < 200 acres • The method is applicable if time of concentration (tc) for the drainage area is less than the duration of peak rainfall intensity. On the other hand, any hydrologic analysis is only an approximation. stream Hypsometry of drainage basins (area–elevation analysis) has generally been used to infer the stage of geomorphic development and to study the influence of varying forcing factors (i.e. For all hydrologic analyses, the following factors should be evaluated and included when they will have a significant effect on the final results: • Drainage basin characteristics including: size, shape, slope, land use, geology, soil type, surface infiltration, and storage 1. basin area, runoff coefficients, and rainfall intensity into the Rational Method equation, Q=CIA. Herein, the number of streams gradually decreases with increase in stream order. qualitative analysis of the morphometric characteristics of these basins (i.e., stream order, stream length, bifurcation ratio, drainage density, drainage frequency, relief ratio, elongation ratio, basin shape and form factor ratio) has been carried out. x��=�n�F���|:�YH��[�%�:���>��@�P#�G3�e������n�͡�8 $�4�������M_��u�j�x޶��^G�_|�������]}�K�ivU��wϞE/^��^|x���5��}�~��E �ϢTF��q ��O�$��y���E��w��ǧO~��j��NÇ��~��b�[�û��E�����ߞ"��S%x�e$�8+h�(��D������ �B1�8�o��b�k��"�~\f�{�L��)z���]����r\-�3�z���î endobj Drainage Basin Morphometry zMorphometry – The quantitative measurement of form – Provides a systematic basis for description and comparison (e.g. temporal variability basin water budget in terms of soil moisture, actual evapotranspiration, runoff, and vertically integrated moisture convergence. The basins were studied by examining the relations of drainage area, discharge, and length of stream from drainage divide. 4.1 Morphometric analysis of basin: Morphometric Analysis of a watershed provides a quantita-tive description of the drainage system which is an im-portant aspect of characterization of watersheds (Strahler, 1964). Urban Drainage and Flood Control District Hydrological Analysis HO-2 April 2010, Revised 9/2014 the drainage basin or where other drainage characteristics indicate general regression equations might not be appropriate. 1994). The fundamental unit of virtually all watershed and fluvial investigations is the drainage basin. <>>> The primary step in drainage basin analysis is to designate order. Grey areas are endorheic basins that do not drain to the oceans. properties of Oluyole drainage basin induced high, medium and low magnitude flood. hydrograph analysis are mathematical modeling. Application of quantitative techniques in morphometric analysis of drainage basins was initially undertaken by Horton et al. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Design detention as required 5. 4 0 obj 1 0 obj Ocean basins. 2011). endobj Parameters worked out include The following is a list of the major ocean basins: About 48.7% of the world's land drains to the Atlantic Ocean. Morphometric analysis of a drainage pattern needs the demarcation of all the existing streams. Average drainage density of watershed is 2.837km / km 2 and the average frequency is 3.743 Of the computer Characteristics 3 Drainage-Basin Characteristics Topographic and meteorologic Characteristics of a basin. Costs more than necessary is only an approximation to fine texture is identified comparison (.... And rainfall intensity into the Rational Method equation, Q=CIA herein, the number of streams decreases... Is only an approximation simulation models date back at least to the 1920 's and aspects... 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